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什么是商标 ?



Regarding the trademark application, all goods and services under the sun are classified under the Nice Classification of Goods and Services, of which:

  • Goods (TM) : Class 1 – Class 34
  • Services (SM) : Class 35 – Class 45

On top of the classes for goods and services, applicants who wish to protect the trade channels may also file their trademarks under the channel classes:

  • Class 16 Printed Materials
  • Class 35 Retail Outlet (online and offline)


新的 -如果没有一个先前的申请人在寻求保护的国家的国家商标注册簿的相同商标类别中提交相同或令人困惑的相似商标,则该商标是新商标。

显着性 -商标如果不是描述性商标,也不是直接引用该商标所应用的产品或服务的性质和特征,则该商标具有独特性。



搜索 -尽管先前搜索是可选的,但有助于确定先前标记的存在。 

申请书 -每个申请人都必须向各自的商标局提交申请书。 

审查/异议 -提交申请后,商标局将审查该申请是否符合法律规定。这种检查可能导致办公室采取行动。申请人将被告知,也将有机会回复这种办公室行为。 

公开/异议 -通过审查的商标应在政府公报上公布,但要获得注册服务机构的满意。第三方可以在发布后三个月内反对该申请。 (取决于各个国家的商标法) 

授予 -异议和异议完成后,商标局将签发注册证书,但要付费。 

续展 –商标一旦注册,有效期为10年,可以每10年续展一次。 (取决于各个国家的商标法) 

Although a prior search is optional it helps in determining the existence of previous marks.


Every applicant is required to submit an application with the respective Trademark office. 


On submission of the application, the Trademark office will examine the application for statutory compliances. such examinations could lead to office actions. Applicants will be informed and also give an opportunity to reply to such office actions. 


A trademark which passes through examination be published in the government gazette subject to the satisfaction of the registrar. Third parties can oppose the application within three months of publication. (subject to individual country’s trademark laws) 


On completion of objections and opposition a Certificate of Registration will be issued by the trademark office subject to the payment of a fee. 


A trademark once registered is valid for a term of 10 years and can be renewed every 10 years. (subject to individual country’s trademark laws) 

The Life of Trademark

The duration of protection is 10 years and can continue indefinately on payment of renewal fees every 10 years.

1. Legislations:
The Trade Marks Act (2005 Revised Ed) (Cap. 332), Trade Marks Rules and Trade Marks (International Registration) Rules. 

2. Definition:
A trademark Singapore is a sign used by a person in the course of business or trade to distinguish his goods or services from those of other traders. It has to be capable of being represented graphically. It can include any letter, word, name, signature, numeral, device, brand, heading, label, ticket, shape, colour, and aspect of packaging or a combination of these. It need not be visually perceptible. A brand owner is advised to register trademark Singapore to protect the brand that will be used in Singapore. 

3. Criteria:
Under trademark Singapore, for a trade mark to be registered it must be distinctive and capable of distinguishing the goods and/or services of the owner from other similar goods and/or services. Descriptive Marks, Marks ‘Common to the Trade’, marks contrary to public policy, deceptive marks or marks identical to earlier marks are all prohibited from registration. 

4. Membership:
√ – Paris Convention
√ – Madrid Protocol 

Singapore is a member of the Paris Convention from 1995, whereby applications from convention countries will be subject to the same priority date in Singapore. The application for priority has to be made within six months of the first application in a convention country. 

5. Rule of Priority:
In determining the priority of trademarks, “First to Use” is the rule for Trademark Singapore. 

6. Duration and Renewal:
A trademark Singapore application once registered is valid for 10 years from the date of application. It may be renewed every 10 years thereafter with payment of a renewal fee.



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